Noromectin Plus For Cattle: Product Information
NOROMECTIN PLUS FOR CATTLE- ivermectin and clorsulon injection, solution
Norbrook Laboratories Limited
Injection for Cattle
For the effective treatment and control of internal parasites, including adult liver flukes, and external parasites.
Consult your veterinarian for assistance in the diagnosis, treatment and control of parasitism.
The ability of ivermectin to deliver internal and external parasite control has been proven in cattle markets around the world. Now, Norbrook Laboratories Limited combines ivermectin with clorsulon, an effective adult flukicide.
A single injection of Noromectin® Plus (ivermectin and clorsulon) offers all the benefits of an ivermectin injection plus control of adult Fasciola hepatica.
The dosage level of clorsulon supplied by Noromectin Plus is effective only against adult liver flukes (Fasciola hepatica).
Noromectin Plus is a ready-to-use sterile solution containing 1% w/v ivermectin, 10% clorsulon, 40% glycerol formal, and propylene glycol, q.s. ad 100%. It is formulated to deliver the recommended dose level of 200 mcg ivermectin/kg and 2 mg clorsulon/kg given subcutaneously behind the shoulder at the rate of 1 mL per 110 lb (50 kg) body weight.
MODE OF ACTION
Ivermectin is a member of the macrocyclic lactone class of endectocides which have a unique mode of action. Compounds of the class bind selectively and with high affinity to glutamate-gated chloride ion channels which occur in invertebrate nerve and muscle cells. This leads to an increase in the permeability of the cell membrane to chloride ions with hyperpolarization of the nerve or muscle cell, resulting in paralysis and death of the parasite. Compounds of this class may also interact with other ligand-gated chloride channels, such as those gated by the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).
The margin of safety for compounds of this class is attributable to the fact that mammals do not have glutamate-gated chloride channels, the macrocyclic lactones have a low affinity for other mammalian ligand-gated chloride channels and they do not readily cross the blood-brain barrier.
Clorsulon is rapidly absorbed into the circulating blood. Erythrocytes with bound drug as well as plasma are ingested by Fasciola hepatica. Adult Fasciola hepatica are killed by clorsulon because of inhibition of enzymes in the glycolytic pathway, which is their primary source of energy.
Noromectin Plus Injection is indicated for the effective treatment and control of the following parasites in cattle:
Gastrointestinal Roundworms (adults and fourth-stage larvae):
Ostertagia ostertagi (including inhibited O. ostertagi)
Nematodirus helvetianus (adults only)
N. spathiger (adults only)
Lungworms (adults and fourth-stage larvae):
Fasciola hepatica (adults only)
Cattle Grubs (parasitic stages):
Haematopinus eurysternus Solenopotes capillatus
Mange Mites (cattle scab*):
Psoroptes ovis (syn. P. communis var. bovis)
Sarcoptes scabiei var. bovis
Ivermectin and clorsulon injection has been proved to effectively control infections and to protect cattle from reinfection with Dictyocaulus viviparus and Oesophagostomum radiatum for 28 days after treatment; Ostertagia ostertagi, Trichostrongylus axei and Cooperia punctata for 21 days after treatment; Haemonchus placei, and Cooperia oncophora for 14 days after treatment.
* Ivermectin has been approved as a scabicide by USDA/APHIS. Federal regulations require that cattle infested with or exposed to scabies (i.e., infestations with Psoroptes ovis) be treated. Ivermectin when used according to label instructions meets this requirement. Treated cattle may be shipped interstate, but they must not be mixed with other cattle for 14 days following treatment. The federal regulations make no restriction on the movement of cattle not affected with or exposed to scabies. However, individual states have additional regulations to govern the interstate shipment of cattle and the regulatory veterinarian in the state of destination should be consulted for applicable regulations on the use of ivermectin in the control of scabies.
Noromectin Plus should be given only by subcutaneous injection at a dose volume of 1 mL per 110 lb (50 kg) body weight. This volume will deliver 10 mg ivermectin and 100 mg clorsulon. For example:
|Body Weight (lb)||Dose (mL)|
Do not underdose. Ensure each animal receives a complete dose based on a current body weight. Underdosing may result in ineffective treatment, and encourage the development of parasite resistance.
Noromectin Plus (ivermectin and clorsulon) Injection is to be given subcutaneously only. Animals should be appropriately restrained to achieve the proper route of administration. Use of a 16-gauge, 1/2″ to 3/4″ sterile needle is recommended. Inject the solution subcutaneously (under the skin) behind the shoulder (see illustration).
Any single-dose syringe or standard automatic syringe equipment may be used with the 50 mL or 100 mL pack size. When using the 250 mL, 500 mL or 1000 mL pack size, use only automatic syringe equipment.
Use sterile equipment and sanitize the injection site by applying a suitable disinfectant. Clean, properly disinfected needles should be used to reduce the potential for injection site infections.
No special handling or protective clothing is necessary.
The viscosity of the product increases in cool temperatures.
Administering Noromectin Plus at temperatures of 41°F (5°C) or below may be difficult. Users can make dosing easier by warming both the product and injection equipment to about 59°F (15°C).
In breeding animals (bulls and cows), ivermectin and clorsulon used at the recommended level had no effect on breeding performance.
NOT FOR USE IN HUMANS.
Keep this and all drugs out of the reach of children.
The Safety Data Sheet (SDS) contains more detailed occupational safety information. To report suspected adverse drug events, for technical assistance or to obtain a copy of the SDS, contact Norbrook Inc. at 1-866-5777. For additional information about adverse drug experience reporting for animal drugs, contact FDA at 1-888-FDA-VETS or http://www.fda.gov/reportanimalae.
RESIDUE WARNINGS: Do not treat cattle within 21 days of slaughter. Because a withdrawal time in milk has not been established, do not use in female dairy cattle of breeding age. A withdrawal period has not been established for this product in pre-ruminating calves. Do not use in calves to be processed for veal.
Transitory discomfort has been observed in some cattle following subcutaneous administration. Soft-tissue swelling at the injection site has also been observed. These reactions have disappeared without treatment. Divide doses greater than 10 mL between two injection sites to reduce occasional discomfort or site reaction. Different injection sites should be used for other parenteral products.
Noromectin Plus Injection has been developed specifically for use in cattle only. This product should not be used in other animal species as severe adverse reactions, including fatalities in dogs, may result.
For subcutaneous injection in cattle only.
This product is not for intravenous or intramuscular use.
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